Deadlines & Important Dates
A Guide to the Michigan Property Tax Appeal Process
December 31, 2011
Tax day for 2012 assessments and 2012 property taxes.
Deadline for an owner that had claimed a conditional rescission of a Principal Residence Exemption to verify with the assessor that the property still meets the requirements for the conditional rescission through a second and third year annual verification of a Conditional Rescission of Principal Residence Exemption (PRE) (form 4640).
December 31, 2011 is a Saturday, January 1, 2012 is a Sunday, January 2 is a Holiday
Distribution of Taxes:
Local units with an SEV of $15,000,000 or Less: 2011 taxes collected by January 10 must be distributed on or before January 24.
All other local units: Must distribute of 2011 taxes collected within 10 business days after the 1st and 15th of each month except in March.
Deadline for a “qualified business” to submit STC form L-4143 for “qualified personal property” with the assessor.
Notice by certified mail to all properties that are delinquent on their 2010 property taxes.
Assessment and Certification Division staff reports to the State Tax Commission on the progress and quality of 2011 equalization studies (whose purpose is to set the starting base for 2012) for each county on preliminary forms L-4030, L-4031, L-4032.
Last day to pay property taxes without the imposition of a late penalty charge equal to three percent of the tax in addition to the property tax administration fee, if any.
3% penalty may be added to 2011 tax if authorized by the governing body of a city or township. The governing body may waive the penalty for the homestead property of a senior citizen, paraplegic, quadriplegic, hemiplegic, eligible service person, eligible veteran, eligible widow or widower, totally and permanently disabled or blind persons, if that person has filed a claim for a homestead property tax credit with the State Treasurer before February 15. Also applies to a person whose property is subject to a farmland/development rights agreement if they present a copy of the development rights agreement or verification that the property is subject to the development rights agreement before February 15.
If statements are not mailed by December 31, the local unit may not impose the 3% late penalty charge.
A local unit of government that collects a summer property tax shall defer the collection until this date for property which qualifies.
STC reports assessed valuations for DNR lands to assessors.
February 18 is a Saturday, February 19 is a Sunday, February 20 is a holiday
Deadline for county equalization director to publish in a newspaper the tentative equalization ratios and estimated SEV multipliers for 2012. (3rd Monday in February).
February 20 is a holiday
Last day for local treasurers to collect 2011 property taxes.
The STC shall publish the inflation rate multiplier before this date.
Properties with delinquent 2010 taxes, forfeit to the County Treasurer. County Treasurer adds $175 fee per MCL 211.78g(1), as well as all recording fees and all fees for service of process or notice.
2010 tax-delinquent redemptions require additional interest at non-compounded rate of 1⁄2% per month from March 1 forfeiture.
Local units to turn over 2011 delinquent taxes to the County Treasurer. On March 1 in each year, taxes levied in the immediately preceding year that remain unpaid shall be returned as delinquent for collection. However, if the last day in a year that taxes are due and payable before being returned as delinquent is on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the last day taxes are due and payable before being returned as delinquent is on the next business day and taxes levied in the immediately preceding year that remain unpaid shall be returned as delinquent on the immediately succeeding business day.
County Treasurer commences settlement with local unit treasurers.
County Property Tax Administration Fee of 4% added to unpaid 2011 taxes and interest at 1% per month.
The 2012 assessment roll shall be completed and certified by the assessor.
The assessor/supervisor shall submit the 2012 certified assessment roll to the Board of Review (BOR). (Tuesday after 1st Monday in March).
Organizational meeting of township Board of Review. City BOR may vary according to Charter provisions.
The Board of Review must meet on the second Monday in March. This meeting must start not earlier than 9 a.m. and not later than 3 p.m. The Board of Review must meet one additional day during this week and shall hold at least 3 hours of its required sessions during the week of the second Monday in March after 6 p.m.
Note: The governing body of a city or township may authorize an alternative starting date for the second meeting of the March Board of Review, which can be either the Tuesday or the Wednesday following the second Monday in March.
Within ten business days after the last day of February, at least 90% of the total tax collections on hand February 28, must be delivered by the local unit treasurer to the county and school district treasurers.
April 1 is a Sunday March 31 is a Saturday
Not later than April 1, local unit treasurers make final adjustment and delivery of the total amount of tax collections on hand.
Separate tax limitations voted after April 1 of any year are not effective until the subsequent year.
April 1 is a Sunday March 31 is a Saturday
Last day for MBOR protest of assessed value, taxable value, property classification or denial by assessor of continuation of qualified agricultural property exemption.
The township supervisor or assessor shall deliver the completed assessment roll, with BOR certification, to the county equalization director not later than the tenth day after adjournment of the board of review or by the Wednesday following the first Monday in April, whichever date occurs first.
An assessor shall file STC form L-4021 with the County Equalization Department, and STC form L-4022 (signed by the assessor) with the County Equalization Department and the State Tax Commission, immediately following adjournment of the board of review. (STC Administrative Rule: R 209.26(10a), (10b). The form L-4022 must be signed by the assessor.
County Board of Commissioners meets in equalization session.
The equalization director files a tabular statement of the county equalization adopted by the County Board of Commissioners on the Form L-4024 prescribed and furnished by the STC, immediately after adoption.
County equalization shall be completed and official report (Form L- 4024) filed with STC prior to May 7, 2012. (1st Monday in May).
The Assessment and Certification Division staff makes a final report to the State Tax Commission on Forms L-4030, L-4031, L-4032 after the adoption of the 2012 equalization report by the County Board of Commissioners and prior to Preliminary State Equalization.
Equalization director files separate Form L-4023 for each unit in the county with the STC no later than the third Monday in April.
Allocation Board meets and receives budgets.
May 1 *
Final day for completion of delinquent tax rolls.
Last day of deferral period for winter (December 1) property tax levies, if the deferral for qualified taxpayers was authorized by the County Board of Commissioners.
Deadline for filing Principal Residence Affidavits (form 2368) for exemption from the 18-mill school operating tax.
Denial of a Principal Residence Exemption may be appealed by the owner to the Small Claims Division of the Michigan Tax Tribunal within 35 days after the date of the notice of denial.
Deadline for filing the initial request (first year) of a Conditional Rescission of Principal Residence Exemption (PRE) (form 4640).
Deadline for filing a Principal Residence Exemption (PRE) Active Duty Military Affidavit to allow military personnel to retain a PRE for up to three years if they rent or lease their principal residence while away on active duty.
Deadline for filing the Farmland Exemption Affidavit (form 2599) with the local assessor if the property is NOT classified agricultural or if the assessor asks an owner to file it to determine whether the property includes structures that are not exempt.
Update Michigan Department of Education (MDE) DS-4410: The MDE requests that county treasurers update the online taxable value system found at http://mdoe.state.mi.us/taxablevalue.
Deadline for filing official County Board of Commissioners report of county equalization (L-4024) with STC. (1st Monday in May).
Appeal from county equalization to Michigan Tax Tribunal must be filed within 35 days after the adoption of the county equalization report by the County Board of Commissioners.
Deadline for assessor to file tabulation of Taxable Valuations for each classification of property with the county equalization director on STC form L-4025 to be used in “Headlee” calculations. (1st Monday in May)
Preliminary state equalization valuation recommendations presented by the Assessment and Certification Division staff to the State Tax Commission.
Not later than this date, the State must have prepared an annual assessment roll for the state-assessed properties such as telephone companies and railroads.
May 28 is a Holiday
May 31 (MTT)
Appeals of property classified as commercial real, industrial real, developmental real, commercial personal, industrial personal or utility personal must be made by filing a written petition with the Michigan Tax Tribunal on or before May 31 of the tax year involved.
If as a result of State Equalization the taxable value of property changes, the Equalization Director shall revise the millage reduction fractions by this date (Friday following the fourth Monday in May).
After May 31 and Before June 5
Last day for Allocation Board Hearing (not less than 8 days or more than 12 days after issuance of preliminary order).
By June 1
Assessment Roll Due to County Treasurer if local unit is not collecting summer taxes, Not later than June 1, the Township or City shall deliver a copy of the assessment roll to the County Treasurer.
First notice sent to all properties that are delinquent on 2011 taxes.
No later than June 1, the county treasurer delivers to the state treasurer a statement listing the total amount of state education tax (SET) not returned delinquent that was collected by the county treasurer, and collected and remitted to the county treasurer by each city or township treasurer, together with a statement for the county and for each city or township of the number of parcels from which the SET was collected, the number of parcels for which the SET was billed, and the total amount retained by the county treasurer and by the city or township treasurer.
Requests are due from a Brownfield Redevelopment Authority, Tax Increment Finance Authority, Local Development Financing Authority or Downtown Development Authority for state reimbursements of tax increment revenue decreases as a result of the MBT reduction in personal property taxes (not later than June 1). Form 4650.
Deadline for notifying protesting taxpayer in writing of Board of Review action (by the first Monday in June).
County Equalization Director calculates current year millage reduction fractions including those for inter-county taxing jurisdictions. The completed, verified STC form L-4028 is filed with the County Treasurer and the STC on or before the first Monday in June.
Allocation Board must issue final order not later than the second Monday in June.
Deadline for submission of Water Pollution Control PA 451 of 1994 Part 37 and Air Pollution Control PA 451 of 1994 Part 59 tax exemption applications to the State Tax Commission. Note: Applications for the above exemption programs received on or after June 16 shall be considered by the commission contingent upon staff availability.
Deadline for the assessor’s report to the STC on the status of each Neighborhood “homestead” exemption granted under the Neighborhood Enterprise Zone Act.
Form 4626 Assessing Officers Report of Taxable Values as of State Equalization due to the STC.
Deadline for foreclosing governmental units to file petition for tax foreclosure with the circuit court clerk for the March 1, 2012 forfeitures.
Deadline for equalization directors to file tabulation of final Taxable Valuations with the State Tax Commission on STC form L-4046. (fourth Monday in June).
June 30 is a Saturday
County Treasurer to spread summer SET and County Allocated and Prepare Tax Roll. Not later than June 30, the county treasurer or the state treasurer shall spread the millage levied against the assessment roll and prepare the tax roll.
Deadline for classification appeals to STC. A classification appeal must be filed with the STC in writing on Form 2167 on or before June 30. Boards of Review must provide the taxpayer with the form to appeal their classification.
Deadline for County Equalization Director to file Interim Status Report of the ongoing study for the current year.
Township supervisor shall prepare and furnish the summer tax roll before June 30 to the township treasurer with supervisor’s collection warrant attached if summer school taxes are to be collected.
July 1 is a Sunday
Deadline for governmental agencies to exercise the right of refusal for 2012 tax foreclosure parcels.
The July BOR may be convened to correct a qualified error (Tuesday after the third Monday in July). The governing body of the city or township may authorize, by adoption of an ordinance or resolution, 1 or more of the following alternative meeting dates for the purposes of this section. An alternative meeting date during the week of the third Monday in July.
An owner of property that is a “Principal Residence” on May 1 may appeal to the July Board of Review in the year for which an exemption was claimed or in the immediate succeeding 3 years if the exemption was not on the tax roll.
An owner of property that is Qualified Agricultural Property on May 1 may appeal to the July Board of Review for the current year and the immediately preceding year if the exemption was not on the tax roll.
July BOR may hear appeals for current year only for poverty exemptions, but not poverty exemptions denied by the March Board of Review.
Industrial Facilities Exemption Treasurer’s Report (Form 170) must be filed with Assessment and Certification on or before July 31 of the tax year involved.
July 31 (MTT)
Appeals of property classified as residential real, agricultural real, timber-cutover real or agricultural personal must be made by filing a written petition with the Michigan Tax Tribunal on or before July 31 of the tax year involved.
A protest of assessed valuation or taxable valuation or the percentage of Qualified Agricultural Property exemption subsequent to BOR action, must be filed with the Michigan Tax Tribunal, in writing on or before July 31.
Deadline for taxpayer to file appeal directly with the Michigan Tax Tribunal if final equalization multiplier exceeds tentative multiplier and a taxpayer’s assessment, as equalized, is in excess of 50 percent of true cash value (by the third Monday in August).
September 1 is a Saturday
Update Michigan Department of Education (MDE) DS-4410: The MDE requests that county treasurers update the online taxable value system found at http://mdoe.state.mi.us/taxablevalue
Summer Taxes Due: Summer taxes due, unless property is located in a city with a separate charter due date (Sept 14).
Last day of deferral period for summer property tax levies, if the deferral for qualified taxpayers. MCL 211.51 (7).
Interest of 1% per month will accrue if the payment is late for the State Education Tax and County Taxes that are part of the summer tax collection. MCL 211.905b (9) and 211.44a (5). Note: date may be different depending on the city charter.
September 30 is a Sunday September 29 is a Saturday
Financial officer of each unit of local government computes tax rates in accordance with MCL 211.34d and 211.34 MCL and governing body certifies that rates comply with Section 31, Article 9, of 1963 Constitution and MCL 211.24e, Truth in Taxation, on STC form L-4029 on or before September 30.
County prosecutor is obligated by statute to furnish legal advice promptly regarding the apportionment report. A County Board of Commissioners shall not authorize the levy of a tax unless the governing body of the taxing jurisdiction has certified that the requested millage has been reduced, if necessary, in compliance with Section 31 of Article 9 of the State Constitution of 1963 and MCL 211.34d, 211.37 and 211.34(1). The County Board also receives certifications that Truth in Taxation hearings have been held if required.
County Treasurer adds $15 for each parcel of property for which the 2011 real property taxes remain unpaid.
Property owners must submit completed form 4449 Qualified Forest Tax Exemption (P.A. 378 of 2006), with two copies of the forest management plan to the Department of Natural Resources and Environment. Must be postmarked no later than October 1 prior to the year of the applied exemption.
The assessor reports the status of real and personal Industrial Facility Tax property to STC. MCL 207.567(2).
Qualified local governmental units report to the STC on the status of each exemption granted under the Commercial Rehabilitation Act.
The assessor’s annual report of the determination made under MCL 207.783(1) to each taxing unit that levies taxes upon property in the local governmental unit in which a new facility or rehabilitated facility is located and to each holder of the Neighborhood Enterprise Zone certificate.
Qualified local governmental units report to the STC on the status of each exemption granted under the Obsolete Property Rehabilitation Act.
October 20 is a Saturday
This information is completed by county treasurers for EVERY year back to the 1994 tax year showing revisions to taxable values due to (but not limited to) MTT and STC decisions, homestead audits, personal property audits, etc. that are made after the county treasurers are in possession of the tax rolls. These adjustments are fewer in number as the years progress. These numbers generate a below-the-line foundation adjustment for the school fiscal year affected.
October apportionment session of the County Board of Commissioners to examine certificates, direct spread of taxes in terms of millage rates to be spread on Taxable Valuations. County Equalization Director submits apportionment report to the STC.
Deadline for submission of New Personal Property PA 328 of 1998, Obsolete Property PA 146 of 2000, Commercial Rehabilitation PA 210 of 2005, Neighborhood Enterprise Zone PA 147 of 1992, Commercial Facilities PA 255 of 1978 and Industrial Facilities PA 198 of 1974 tax exemption applications to the State Tax Commission. Note: Applications for the above exemption programs received on or after November 1 shall be considered by the Commission contingent upon staff availability.
On or before November 5, Township Supervisor shall notify township treasurer of the amount of county, state and school taxes apportioned in township to enable treasurer to obtain necessary bond for collection of taxes.
Deadline for completion of 2012 tax foreclosed property auctions.
On or before November 28, Township Treasurer gives County Treasurer a bond running to the county in the actual amount of county, state and school taxes.
December 1 is a Saturday
2012 taxes due and payable to local unit treasurer are a lien on real property. Charter cities or villages may provide for a different day.
Deadline for foreclosing governmental units to transfer list of unsold 2012 tax foreclosure parcels to the clerk of the city, township, or village in which the parcels are located.
A winter tax bill must include information on summer taxes that were deferred. If a local property tax collecting unit that collects a summer property tax also collects a winter property tax in the same year, a statement of the amount of taxes deferred pursuant to subsection (2) shall be in the December tax statement mailed by the local property tax collecting unit for each summer property tax payment that was deferred from collection. If a local property tax collecting unit that collects a summer property tax does not collect a winter property tax in the same year, it shall mail a statement of the amount of taxes deferred under subsection (2) at the same time December tax statements are required to be mailed under section 44.
Appeal to Michigan Tax Tribunal of a contested tax bill must be filed within 60 days after the mailing of the tax bill that the taxpayer seeks to contest. (Limited to arithmetic errors).
Special Board of Review meeting may be convened by assessing officer to correct qualified errors (Tuesday after the second Monday in Dec.). The governing body of the city or township may authorize, by adoption of an ordinance or resolution, 1 or more of the following alternative meeting dates for the purposes of this section: An alternative meeting date during the week of the second Monday in December.
An owner of property that is a “Principal Residence” on May 1 may appeal to the December Board of Review in the year for which an exemption was claimed or in the immediate succeeding 3 years if the exemption was not on the tax roll.
An owner of property that is Qualified Agricultural Property on May 1 may appeal to the December Board of Review for the current year and the immediately preceding year if the exemption was not on the tax roll.
December Board of Review to hear appeals for current year poverty exemptions only, but not poverty exemptions denied by the March Board of Review.
December 15 is a Saturday, December 16 is a Sunday
December 31 is a holiday, December 30 is a Sunday, December 29 is a Saturday
Tax day for 2012 property taxes.
All taxes due and liens are canceled for otherwise unsold 2012 tax foreclosure parcels purchased by the state or transferred to the local unit or the Michigan Land Bank Fast Track Authority.
Jan. 2, 2013
Dec. 31 is a holiday Jan. 1 is a holiday
Deadline for counties to file 2012 equalization studies for 2013 starting bases with State Tax Commission (STC) for all classifications in all units on STC form L-4018. (January 2, 2013 because of the holidays)
* Notes requirements of Section 31 of Article 9 of State Constitution and of MCL 211.34d and 211.34(1).
Source of Information:
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